CGI and Command Line Scripts

Programs on the server performing actions such as rendering, saving and renaming topics.

These scripts are located in the bin and tools directories. This topic describes the interfaces to some of those scripts. All scripts in the bin directory can be called from the CGI (Common Gateway Interface) environment or from the command line. The scripts in the tools directory can only be called from the command line.

CGI Scripts

Details on CGI scripts located in the bin directory.

Note that a blank in the 'Default' column means that the parameter is not required, and has no default. required means the parameter is required, and has no default. text in italics describes default behaviour if no value is given.

General Information

CGI environment

In the CGI environment parameters are passed to the scripts via the URL and URL parameters. Environment variables are also used to determine the user performing the action. If the environment is not set up, the default user is used (usually guest).

Command-line

You must be have the bin directory on the perl path to run the scripts from the command line.

TIP To avoid issues with file permissions, run the scripts as the web server user such as nobody, www-data or www.
If running scripts under the control of cron, install the crontab under the web server user.

Parameters are passed on the command line using two possible formats:

  • Traditional command line "switch" style format: -name value, The "-" prefix for the keyword is required.
$ cd /usr/local/foswiki/bin
$ save -topic MyWeb.MyTopic -user admin -action save -text "New text of the topic"
  • Keyword format: parameter=value. A "-" prefix is optional.
$ cd /usr/local/foswiki/bin
$ save topic=MyWeb.MyTopic user=admin action=save text="New text of the topic"
All parameters require a value, even if that is the empty string. Note that parameters passed on the command-line should not be URL-encoded.

Note: If any of the arguments will contain utf-8 strings, (ie. when entering a Unicode topic name), you must run the command using the perlrun argument -CA. For example:
$ cd /usr/local/foswiki/bin
$ perl -CA ./save -topic MyWeb.MyÜtf8Töpic -user admin -action save -text "Text with »Äëïöü« utf8 characters."

For more details on the perl command line arguments, see http://perldoc.perl.org/perlrun.html.

"Authentication" in the command line environment

Unlike the CGI environment, the default user for command line operations is AdminUser.

  • The -user parameter is specific to the command line and is not recognized by in the web environment. It allows a user to be specified without requiring that the password be supplied. It is only active from the command line.
  • The -username / -password parameters are processed by the authentication system and require the password be authenticated. Depending upon the authentication implementation, it may or may not be usable in the command line environment.

When calling a tools script from the command line, you normally need to be cd'd to the =bin directory e.g.
$ cd bin
$ ../tools/mailnotify -q -nonews -nochanges -Main -System

Context

Each script sets a Foswiki context to signal to plugins and other components the environment that they are running. In addition to the per-script context, two additional contexts are optionally set:
  • command_line is set if there is no CGI query object available.
  • static is set by scripts that render static content like PDF or other offline publishing tools

A comprehensive list of core context identifiers used by Foswiki is found in the IfStatements#Context_identifiers.

Common parameters

All the scripts accept a number of common parameters. The first two components of the URL after the script name are taken as the web and the topic, respectively. Standard URL parameters are:

Parameter Description Default
cover Specifies temporary skin path to prepend to the skin path for this script only (see Skins)  
debugenableplugins During debugging it can be useful to selectively disable all but a subset of plugins. This parameter allows the caller to specify a comma-separated list of plugins that should be enabled. It can only be used when $ENV{FOSWIKI_ASSERTS} is set to 1 in bin/LocalLib.cfg.  
foswikioriginalquery The original query that was being made before a redirect for user confirmation was required.  
foswiki_redirect_cache Foswiki sometimes caches long lists of parameters that must survive over a sequence of browser redirects. This parameter identifies one of these caches. The parameter value is a "magic number" that uniquely idenitifies a file in the working/tmp directory. These files have a very short lifetime, and are destroyed when the cache is read.  
logout requests the LoginManager to log the current user out (this happens at the begining of the request so will terminate any other operation requested)  
refresh If the Foswiki page cache is in use, setting this parameter will invalidate the cache. Valid values are cache, on and all. See PageCaching for more information on the page cache.  
response Used as part of the request validation process.  
skin Overrides the default skin path (see Skins) value of the SKIN preference
t While the t parameter is not actively used by any scripts, it is used when building links to scripts such as edit, to ensure that each edit link is unique. This stops the browser from trying to use a cached reply from a previous call to the script. generally set to current time, in seconds
topic Overrides the web.topic path given in the URL (specify Web.TopicName, or TopicName in combination with defaultweb below)  
defaultweb a default value for web, which is over-ridden by specifying either a web in the topic param above, or in the url location (used for selecting a web in a webform)  
user Command-line only; set the name of the user performing the action. Note: this usage is inherently insecure, as it bypasses webserver login constraints. For this reason only authorised users should be allowed to execute scripts from the command line.  
validation_key part of cross-site scripting protection. Any request sent from browsers that might change data stored on the server must carry a key that indentifies the source of the request.  
preserve_vk part of cross-site scripting protection. Normally a validation key is expired once it has been used once. However non-HTML5 browsers can't handle this, so the validation key has to be preserved for re-use.  
<any name> Any other parameter name passed to the script is passed through for possible use by the script. This is typically only applicable to the edit, save and view scripts.  

Where revision parameters are required, individual versions are identified by positive, non-zero integers. Versions start with 1 and are sequencial. For compatibility reasons, Some scripts accept revision numbers with '1.' (or even 'r1.') prepended to the number, but this usage is deprecated and should be corrected when encountered.

Note: Prior releases of Foswiki would accept the undocumented username and password parameter on any script. Foswiki 1.1.9 restricts this to the view script and only on POST transactions unless overridden in the Foswiki configuration.

attach

Despite the name, this script doesn't actually attach a file to a topic - for that, use upload. This script is part of the transactions sequence executed when a file is uploaded from the browser. it just generates the "new attachment" page for a topic.

Parameter Description Default
filename Name of existing attachment (if provided, this is a "manage attachment" action) this is a "new attachment" action

changes

Shows all the changes in the given web.

The changes script can receive one parameter:

Parameter Description Default
minor If 0, show only major changes. If 1, show all the changes (both minor and major) show major changes

The main difference between invoking this script and using WebChanges is that WebChanges is based on a %SEARCH%, while this script reads the changes file in each web, making it much faster.

NOTE: The result from changes script and the topic WebChanges can be different, if the changes file is deleted from a web. In particular, in new installations the changes script will return no results while the WebChanges topic will.

configure

configure is the browser script used for inspection of, and changes to, the site configuration. None of the parameters to this script are useable for any purpose except configure. See configure.

edit

The edit script understands the following parameters, typically supplied by HTML input fields.

A major role of the edit script is new topic creation. Parameters that are mainly relevant to new topic creation are marked with wip

Parameter name Description Default
action If action=text, then hide the form. If action=form, then hide the normal text area and only edit the form. edit both
breaklock If set, any lease conflicts will be ignored, and the edit will proceed even if someone is already editing the topic.  
cmd Admin only features, see below  
contenttype Optional parameter that defines the application type to write into the CGI header. May be used to invoke alternative client applications text/html
formtemplate Name of the form to instantiate in the topic. Set to none to remove any existing form.  
notemplateexpansion wip Do not expand any macros in the template topic. (see New topic creation below) expand
onlynewtopic wip If on, error if the topic already exists edit existing topic
onlywikiname wip If on, error if the name of a topic being created is not a WikiWord allow non-wikiword names
redirectto If the user continues from edit to save, and if the save (or cancel) process is successful, save will redirect to this topic or URL. The parameter value can be a TopicName, a Web.TopicName, or a URL.
Note: Redirect to a URL only works if it is enabled in configure (Miscellaneous {AllowRedirectUrl}).
 
rev Lets you specify a specific revision to use as the basis of the edit. latest
template Allows you to specify a different skin template. Overrides any setting of EDIT_TEMPLATE.  
templatetopic wip The name of the template topic, copied to get the initial content for a new topic. (see New topic creation below)  
text wip Set the text to be edited. If this parameter is not given, the text is taken from the existing topic (if it exists)  
topicparent Sets the parent topic. Set to none to remove parent. Set to topic name to change parent, leave empty to keep existing parent. keep existing parent
<any name> This can be used in two ways; first, if the topic has a form with a field called <any name>, it will set the value of that field. wip Second, it can be expanded in the topic text during topic creation - see New topic creation below  

The following options are only available to the site Administrator. They can "rewrite history" and should be used with caution only when absolutely necessary.

Parameter name Description Default
cmd=delRev Administrators only delete the most recent revision of the topic - all other parameters are ignored. You have to be an administrator to use this, and not all store implementations will support it. This option returns you to an editor for the current version, but the edit is ignored, and save will delete the latest revision.  
cmd=repRev Administrators only replace the text of the most recent revision of the topic with the text in the text parameter. text may include embedded meta-data tags. As far as possible, the original author and date of the revision being replaced are retained. You have to be an administrator to use this, and not all store implementations will support it.  

Skin notes:

The EDIT_TEMPLATE preference (or the template parameter) can be used to override the default 'edit' template on a per-web or per-topic basis.

The action parameter works by loading the editform.tmpl or edittext.tmpl templates in place of the standard edit.tmpl. If an EDIT_TEMPLATE has been defined, then it replaces edit, e.g. if EDIT_TEMPLATE=specialed and action=form then the template used will be specialedform

In most skins that are based on the default templates (such as Pattern skin) you can easily change the Edit and Edit WikiText buttons to append the action parameter, by setting the EDITACTION preference to the value text or form (You can always get back to editing the whole topic by removing the action parameter from the URL browser Location window, and reloading the edit window).

New topic creation wip:

The string AUTOINC followed by one or more digits anywhere in the topic name will be converted to a number such that the resulting topic name is unique in the target web. However this doesn't happen until the topic is saved.

When a new topic is created using edit, the topic isn't actually created until the edit is saved. The content of the new topic is initialised according to the parameters you pass.
  • templatetopic - defines the full name (web.topic) of a topic to use as a template for the new topic. The template topic is copied and, unless notemplateexpansion is set, the following macros are expanded in the topic text: URLPARAM, DATE, SERVERTIME, GMTIME, USERNAME, WIKINAME, WIKIUSERNAME, USERINFO. (see TopicTemplates)
  • text - use this as the text of the topic. Macros are not expanded in this text. Overrides any text set in the templatetopic.
  • formtemplate - Overrides any form set in the templatetopic.
  • notemplateexpansion - given by templatetopic. Use this when you want a verbatim copy of a topic.
  • onlynewtopic and onlywikiname are used to control validation of the new topic name.
  • <any name> - besides the form field value setting described above, when creating a new topic, %URLPARAM{" <any name> "}% in the templatetopic will be expanded to the parameter value.

login

Used for logging in with TemplateLoginManager, and for interactive validation of operations that require user confirmation.
Parameter Description Default
foswikiloginaction If 'validate', the login script is being used for interactive validation of an operation. Otherwise it is being used for login.  
foswiki_origin URL that was being accessed when an access violation occurred. the login process will redirect to this URL if it is successful  
remember If set, this will cause the user's login to be retained even after their browser is shut down.
sudo promote login to internal admin (admins only)  
password password of user logging in  
username username of user logging in (if set, login will attempt to authenticate)  
usernamestep used to initialise the username input field in the login form (will not attempt to authenticate)  

TIP Note: The login script will only accept the username and password fields when submitted with a POST.

logon

Used for logging in when Web Server authentication is being used (e.g. ApacheLoginManager). The script does nothing; it is purely a placeholder for triggering the login process. The webserver must be set up to require a valid user to access this script, thus triggering the webserver login process.

manage

Performs a range of management functions.

ALERT! Note: The manage script can only be called via the HTTP POST method. Make sure you specify method="post" if you call the manage script via a form action. It is not possible to call manage from an <a href ...> link.

Parameter Description Default
action One of create, createweb, changePassword, resetPassword, bulkRegister, deleteUserAccount, editSettings, saveSettings, restoreRevision required

action=create

Alternative entry point for creation, via edit, of a new topic, used by screens that support several actions using manage.
Parameter Description Default
topic Name of topic to create (can be web.topic) required
Other parameters are the same as for edit.

action=createweb

Create a new web
Parameter Description Default
baseweb Name of the web to copy to create the new web required
newtopic Value of %TOPIC% within the web creation message. Optionally used in some skins to signify a non-default home topic.  
newweb Name of the new web required
nosearchall Value for NOSEARCHALL ''
webbgcolor value for WEBBGCOLOR ''
websummary Value for WEBSUMMARY ''

action=editSettings

No parameters

action=saveSettings

Parameter Description Default
originalrev Revision that the edit started on latest
redirectto If the savesettings process is successful, save will redirect to this topic or URL. The parameter value can be a TopicName, a Web.TopicName, or a URL.
Note: Redirect to a URL only works if it is enabled in configure (Miscellaneous {AllowRedirectUrl}).
redirect to the web.topic from the URL path
text Text of the topic required
action_save Must be set to Save or settings are not saved required
action_cancel Must be set to Cancel to cancel save. required
If neither action_save or action_cancel are provided, an oops error is issued. All other parameters may be interpreted as form fields, depending on the current form definition in the topic.

action=bulkRegister

See BulkRegistration.
Parameter Description Default
logtopic Topic to save the log in same as topic name, with 'Result' appended
overwritehometopics Whether to overwrite existing home topics or not do not overwrite

action=changePassword

Change password, email address, or both, of a user.
Parameter Description Default
email new email address  
oldpassword current password required, unless current user is an admin
password new password  
passwordA new password confirmation required if password is given
username login name of user to change password/email for required
password, =passwordA and email are optional. If neither or password and passwordA is set, then the user password is left unchanged. If email is unset, their email is left unchanged.

action=resetPassword

Reset the password for a single or multiple users
Parameter Description Default
introduction message to be sent alongside the reset, most often used to announce to the user that they have been given an account.  
loginname list of usernames to reset required

This is used by BulkResetPassword and ResetPassword. Only administrators can provide a list of login usernames, non-admins can only provide a single UserName.

BulkRegistration provides the means to create multiple accounts but it does not announce those accounts to the users who own them. BulkResetPassword is used to assign the passwords, the Introduction is used to explain why they are receiving the mail.

action=deleteUserAccount

For non-admin users, it unregisters (removes) the currently logged-in user. Administrators can remove any account.
Parameter Description Default
user User ID to be removed required. Must be current logged in user if not admin
password Users' password required if not admin
removeTopic Should user topic be moved to trash web?  

action=restoreRevision

Alternative entry point for edit, used by screens that support several actions using manage. Parameters are as for =edit.

action=addUserToGroup

add a user / list of users to a group
Parameter Description Default
create create the group if it doesn't exist 0
groupname groupname to change required
redirectto If the add process is successful, manage will redirect to this topic or URL. The parameter value can be a TopicName, a Web.TopicName, or a URL.
Note: Redirect to a URL only works if it is enabled in configure (Miscellaneous {AllowRedirectUrl}).
None. An Oops screen showing the results is returned.
username list of usernames/wikinames to add to group required

action=removeUserFromGroup

remove a user / list of users to a group
Parameter Description Default
groupname groupname to change required
redirectto If the remove process is successful, manage will redirect to this topic or URL. The parameter value can be a TopicName, a Web.TopicName, or a URL.
Note: Redirect to a URL only works if it is enabled in configure (Miscellaneous {AllowRedirectUrl}).
None. An Oops screen showing the results is returned.
username list of usernames/wikinames to add to group required

oops

This script is mainly used for rendering pages containing error messages, though it is also used for some functional actions such as manage pages (move topic etc).

oops templates are used with the oops script to generate system messages. This is done to make internationalisation or other local customisations simple.

The oops script supports the following parameters:

Parameter Description Default
def Can be set to the name of a single definition within template. This definition will be instantiated in the template wherever %INSTANTIATE% is seen. This lets you use a single template file for many messages. For an example, see oopsmanagebad.tmpl.  
paramN Where N is an integer from 1 upwards. These values will be substituted into template for %PARAM1% etc.  
template Name of the template file to display oops

preview

This script is deprecated. Its functions are covered by the save script.

rdiff

Renders the differences between version of a topic

Parameter Description Default
context number of lines of context  
render the rendering style {sequential, sidebyside, raw, debug} DIFFRENDERSTYLE, sequential
rev1 the higher revision latest
rev2 the lower revision latest
type history gives a history, diff rev1 against rev2, last latest to previous diff
The context parameter is only respected if the back-end store supports context diffs.

register

Parameter Description Default
action register or verify or approve or disapprove required

ALERT! Note: The register script can only be called via the HTTP POST method except when the action is verify. Make sure you specify method="post" if you call the register script via a form action. It is not possible to call register from an <a href ...> link. The verify action is an exception as it is used to verify registration by clicking a href link from an email.

action=register

Starts the registration process for a new user.

User data is passed in 0 or more parameters of the format FwkNname where Fwk is a standard prefix, N is 0 for an optional parameter and 1 for a required parameter, and name is the parameter name. The following standard Fwk parameters are predefined:

Parameter Description Default
Fwk1Email New user's email address required
Fwk1FirstName New user's first name required
Fwk1LastName New user's surname required
Fwk1WikiName Wikiname of user being registered required
Fwk1LoginName New user's login username required
Fwk1Password New user's password  
Fwk0Confirm Password confirmation (if enabled)  
Fwk0Name User's name. Defaults to FirstName LastName  
Fwk0AddToGroups Accepts a comma-separated list of group names to add the new user to.  

Any additional Fwk parameters will be written to the user topic (except Photo and Confirm).

If registration verification (or registration approval) is enabled in configure, a pending registration record will be created and the registrant (or the approver) will be emailed with the verification code.

If all goes well, then:
  • If verification is required, outputs the registration confirmation screen.
  • If approval is required, outputs the pending approval screen.
  • Otherwise outputs the welcome screen.

When called from CGI, this method requires a POST request.

action=verify

Sent to activate a user's pending registration. Only applicable if registration verification is enabled.

Parameter Description Default
code Activation code, verifies a pending registration

If the verification is successful:
  • If approval is required, outputs the pending approval screen.
  • Otherwise outputs the welcome screen.

action=approve

Sent to activate a pending registration. Only applicable if registration approval is enabled.

Parameter Description Default
code Approval code for the pending registration

Outputs the welcome screen and mails the successful registrant.

action=disapprove

Sent to deny a pending registration. Only applicable if registration approval is enabled.

Parameter Description Default
code Approval code for the pending registration

Presents a screen where the admin can optionally enter an email message to be sent to the failed registrant. NOTE: the registration fails even if this mail is not sent.

If the code has the value DENIED then the request is interpreted as the second stage of an approval denial. Registration parameters are passed in the URL parameters email, referee, wikiname and =feedback. These parameters are used to compose a feedback mail for the failed registrant.

rename

Used for renaming webs, topics and attachments.

Parameter Description Default
action renameweb or renameother renameother
confirm if non-0, requires a second level of confirmation  
referring_topics (internal use only) list of topics that refer to the web or topic being renamed  
redirectto If the rename process is successful, rename will redirect to this topic or URL. The parameter value can be a TopicName, a Web.TopicName, or a URL.
Note: Redirect to a URL only works if it is enabled in configure (Miscellaneous {AllowRedirectUrl}).
the renamed topic

action="renameweb"

Rename a web.
Parameter Description Default
newparentweb new parent web name existing parent
newsubweb new web name  

action=renameother

Rename a topic or an attachment.
Parameter Description Default
attachment Attachment to move  
currentwebonly if non-0, searches current web only for links to this topic search all webs
newattachment New name for attachment same as attachment, if given
newtopic new topic name required
newweb new web name required
onlywikiname if off, a non-wikiword is acceptable for the new topic name on
template template for error when an attachment doesn't exist, deleteattachment for when deleting an attachment  

ALERT! Note: The rename script can only be called via the HTTP POST method. Make sure you specify method="post" if you call the rename script via a form action. It is not possible to call rename from an <a href ...> link.

resetpasswd

This script is deprecated. Its functions are covered by the manage script.

rest

This REST (Representational State Transfer) script can be invoked via http in the same way as the other scripts (see Invocation Examples, below) to execute a function that is associated to a "subject" and a "verb" (see below). These functions are usually registered by plugins using the Foswiki::Func::registerRESTHandler method. The rest script will print the result directly to the browser unless the endpoint parameter is specified, in which case it will output a redirect to the given topic or url.

The rest script supports the following parameters:
Parameter Description Default
redirectto Redirect to this topic or URL after successfully running the rest function. The parameter value can be a TopicName, a Web.TopicName, or a URL.
Note: Redirect to a URL only works if it is enabled in configure (Miscellaneous {AllowRedirectUrl}).
None.
password See username  
username If TemplateLogin, or a similar login manager not embedded in the web server, is used, then you can pass a username and password to the server (though see below for a preferred way to pass authentication information).

REST scripts that require a topic context must use the standard topic parameter to pass the topic name, as the URL path is used to identify the REST function. If not defined, then the topic context in REST handlers will be Main.WebHome.

The function is free to use any other query parameters for its own purposes.

rest authentication

If a REST operation requires a logged-in user but no user is logged in, then it will return a 401 status. In the case of the TemplateLogin login manager, this will include a WWW-Authenticate header starting with FoswikiBasic. This allows the status to percolate through to Javascript where it can be handled by your code. The realm in the WWW-Authenticate header is taken from the {AuthRealm} setting in configure, or the empty string if it is not set.

If you are using TemplateLogin, the preferred way to pass user login information back to the server is to use the X-Authorization HTTP header. This header is modelled on the HTTP Authorization header, as described in http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2617.txt, except that the scheme name FoswikiBasic is used instead of Basic. The user-id and password are combined with a : and base64 encoded. For example, if the user agent wishes to send the userid "Aladdin" and password "open sesame", it would use the following header field:
X-Authorization: FoswikiBasic QWxhZGRpbjpvcGVuIHNlc2FtZQ==
When used with jQuery:
$.ajax({
  beforeSend: function(xhrObj){
    xhrObj.setRequestHeader("X-Authorization",
      "FoswikiBasic QWxhZGRpbjpvcGVuIHNlc2FtZQ==");
  }
});

ALERT! The rest script should always be configured to require authentication in any site that is using ApacheLogin. Otherwise there is a risk of opening up major security holes. So make sure you add it to the {AuthScripts} list in configure.

ALERT! Note: As of 1.1.9, the rest script no longer will accept the username and password fields by default. If the prior behavior is required, it can be enabled in bin/configure by setting $Foswiki::cfg{Session}{AcceptUserPwParam} = /^rest$/;. Note that even with this enabled, the rest script requires that the username and password be entered using POST.

Invocation Examples

The rest script assumes that it will be called with URL in the form:

http://my.host/bin/rest/<subject>/<verb>

where <subject> must be the WikiWord name of one of the installed Plugins, and the <verb> is the alias for the function registered using the Foswiki::Func::registerRESTHandler method. The <subject> and <verb> are then used to lookup and call the registered function. If you need to pass a topic name, then this is passed in the topic URL parameter.

As an example, the EmptyPlugin has registered a function to be used with the rest script under the subject EmptyPlugin and the verb example.

The URL to call this function from a browser would be:
  • http://foswiki.org/bin/rest/EmptyPlugin/example?topic=My.TopicName
alternatively, to run it from the commandline:
  • cd foswiki/bin ; ./rest /EmptyPlugin/example -topic=My.TopicName

Note that for Plugins to register REST handlers, they must be enabled in configure.

Retrieving passed values

Additional parameters can be recovered via the query object in the $session, for example with the url:
http://my.host/bin/rest/MyPlugin/update?web=foo

The url parameters can be processed using:
my $query = $session->{request};
my $web = $query->{param}->{web}[0];

save

The save script performs a range of save-related functions.

Parameter Description Default
action_addform Redirect to the "change form" page.  
action_cancel exit without save, return to view  
action_checkpoint save and redirect to the edit script, dontnotify is on  
action_delRev Administrators only delete the most recent revision of the topic - all other parameters are ignored. You have to be an administrator to use this, and not all store implementations will support it.  
action_preview preview edited text  
action_quietsave save, and return to view, dontnotify is on  
action_replaceform Redirect from the "change form" page.  
action_repRev Administrators only replace the text of the most recent revision of the topic with the text in the text parameter. text must included embedded meta-data tags. All other parameters are ignored. You have to be an administrator to use this, and not all store implementations will support it.  
action_save default behaviour; save, return to view  
dontnotify if non-0, suppress change notification  
edit The bin script to use to re-edit the topic when action is checkpoint edit
editaction When action is checkpoint, add form or replace form..., this is used as the action parameter to the edit script that is redirected to after the save is complete.  
editparams The parameter string to use to edit the topic when action is checkpoint  
forcenewrevision if set, forces a revision even if Foswiki thinks one isn't needed  
formtemplate if defined, use the named template for the form (will remove the form if set to 'none')  
newtopic If templatetopic is given, and this parameter is set to 1 and the topic does not exist, will clear the initial topic text.  
onlynewtopic If set, error if topic already exists  
onlywikiname If set, error if topic name is not a WikiWord  
originalrev Revision on which the edit started.  
redirectto The save process will redirect to this topic or URL if it is successful. (Typically this would be the URL that was being viewed when edit was invoked). The parameter value can be a TopicName, a Web.TopicName, or a URL.
Note: Redirect to a URL only works if it is enabled in configure (Miscellaneous {AllowRedirectUrl}).
topic specified in URL path
template The template to use to re-edit the topic when action is checkpoint  
templatetopic Name of a topic to use as a template for the text and form (new topic only) (see New topic creation above)  
text New text of the topic  
topicparent Sets the parent topic. Set to none to remove parent. Set to topic name to change parent, leave empty to keep existing parent. keep existing parent
Local+name create/set a local META:PREFERENCE called name  
Set+name create/set a normal topic META:PREFERENCE called name  
Unset+name remove a META:PREFERENCE call name  
Default+name gives a default for name. If name is set to this value, then the preference will be removed. ALERT! Requires a corresponding Set+name or Local+name to work.  
<any name> If the topic has a form with a field called <any name>, it will set the value of that field.  

Any errors will cause a redirect to another page, either an oops page to report the error, or a login if the save is not authorized.

The string AUTOINC followed by one or more digits anywhere in the topic name will be converted to a number such that the resulting topic name is unique in the target web.

When the action is save, checkpoint, quietsave, or preview:
  1. The new text is taken from the text parameter, if it is defined,
    • otherwise it is taken from the templatetopic, if it is defined, (new topic only)
    • otherwise it is taken from the previous version of the topic, if any,
  2. The name of the new form is taken from the formtemplate, if defined
    • otherwise it is taken from the templatetopic, if defined, (new topic only)
    • otherwise it is taken from the previous version of the topic, if any,
    • otherwise no form is attached.
  3. The value for each field in the form is taken from the query, if it is defined
    • otherwise it is taken from the templatetopic, if defined, (new topic only)
    • otherwise it is taken from the previous version of the topic, if any,
    • otherwise it defaults to the empty string.

Merging is only enabled if the topic text comes from text and originalrev is > 0 and is not the same as the revision number of the most recent revision. If merging is enabled both the topic and the meta-data are merged.

Form field values are passed in parameters named 'field' - for example, if I have a field Status the parameter name is Status.

ALERT! Note: The save script can only be called via HTTP POST method. Make sure you specify method="post" if you call the save script via a form action. Example:

<form name="new" action="%SCRIPTURLPATH{save}%/Sandbox/" method="post">
    ...
</form>
It is not possible to call save from an <a href ...> link.

search

This cgi script has been deprecated. When called, it will redirect to the WebSearch topic, and the parameters will be passed on.

statistics

ALERT! Note: This script is no longer callable using a simple HTTP "GET" operation. It must be called using the POST method using a form.

Refresh the WebStatistics topics in range of webs.
Parameter Description Default
autocreate Flag to request auto-creation of missing WebStatistics topics. 0=false 1=true (See logging and statistics page in bin/configure.)
logdate Generate statistics for the specified year/month, spacified as YYYYMM current month
subwebs Flag to request processing of subwebs of the requested webs. 0=false 1=true 0 (Subwebs are not processed)
webs comma-separated list of webs. all accessible webs

Command line examples: (All run by first changing to the foswiki/bin directory)
ALERT! Caution: This script writes to foswiki system files. It must be run as the web server user. If ownership of critical system files is changed, it may disrupt the web server!
  1. ./statistics updates all user webs, excluding subwebs
  2. ./statistics webs=Userweb,Sandbox subwebs=1 updates Userweb and Sandbox including subwebs
  3. ./statistics -webs System -autocreate 1 updates System, creating a missing WebStatistics topic if permitted by configuration.

see SiteToolStatistics for more details on WebStatistics, a form you can POST to update statistics, and how to update statistics using cron.

upload

Uploads an attachment to a topic. The HTTP request is expected to be in multipart/form-data format.
Parameter Description Default
changeproperties if non=0, this is a property change operation only - no file will be uploaded.  
createlink if non-0, will create a link to file at end of topic  
filecomment Comment to associate with file in attachment table  
filepath local (client) path name of the file being uploaded. This is used to look up the data for the file in the HTTP query.  
hidefile if non-0, will not show file in attachment table  
noredirect Normally the script will redirect to 'view' when the upload is complete, but also designed to be useable for REST-style calling using the 'noredirect' parameter. If this parameter is set it will return an appropriate HTTP status code and print a message to STDOUT, starting with 'OK' on success and 'ERROR' on failure.  
redirectto URL to redirect to after upload. The parameter value can be a TopicName, a Web.TopicName, or a URL. Redirect to a URL only works if it is enabled in configure, and is ignored if noredirect is specified.
(Miscellaneous {AllowRedirectUrl}).
topic specified in URL path

Tips
  • You can use a tool like curl to upload files from the command line using this script.
  • You can call upload easily from XmlHttpRequest in Javascript.
  • You can directly invoke upload from the CLI script.__New with Foswiki 2.1__
    • You must use the Perl CLI options '-CA' if the filename or any other arguments contains utf-8 (non-ASCII) characters.
    • ex. Run from the bin directory: perl -CA ./upload filepath="/path/and/filename.dat" filename="Ãttachname.dat" topic=Sandbox.ExistingÜtf8Topic

ALERT! Note: The upload script can only be called via HTTP POST method. Make sure you specify method="post" if you call the upload script via a form action. It is not possible to call upload from an <a href ...> link.

view

Used for viewing topics.

Parameter Description Default
contenttype Allows you to specify a different Content-Type: (e.g. contenttype=text/plain) text/html
raw
  • on - show the text of the topic in a scrollable textarea.
  • debug - as on, but also shows the metadata (forms etc) associated with the topic.
  • text - show only the source of the topic, as plain text (Content-type: text/plain). Only shows the body text, not the form or other meta-data.
  • all - show only the source of the topic, as plain text (Content-type: text/plain), with embedded meta-data. This may be useful if you want to extract the source of a topic to a local file on disc.
 
rev Revision to view (e.g. rev=45) latest
SEARCH<hex number> Identifies a result set that is being paged through  
section Allows to view only a part of the topic delimited by a named section (see VarSTARTSECTION). If the given section is not present, no topic content is displayed.  
template Allows you to specify a different skin template, overriding the 'view' template the view script would normally use. The default template is view. For example, you could specify /System/CommandAndCGIScripts?template=edit. This is mainly useful when you have specialised templates for a Wiki Application.  
<any name> It can be expanded in the topic text during rendering and referenced in IF statements - See the VarURLPARAM macro and IfStatements  

ALERT! For historical reasons, the view script has a special interpretation of the text skin. This skin cannot be redefined.

viewfile

Used for viewing attachments. Normally, a site will publish the attachments (pub) directory using a URL. However if it contains sensitive information, you will want to protect attachments using AccessControls. In this case, you can use the viewfile script to give access to attachments while still checking access controls.

Parameter Description Default
filename name of attachment required
rev Revision to view latest

Instead of using the filename parameter, you can append the attachment name to the end of the URL path (after the topic) e.g. http://foswiki.org/bin/viewfile/Webname/TopicName/Attachment.gif

Tool Scripts

Details on command line scripts located in the tools directory.

configure

This is a fully functional command line interface to the Foswiki configuration. It is able to set and check configuration values, and to run wizards.

tools/configure [-search] [-getspec] [-getcfg] [-check] [-wizard] [-method] [-save] [-json] [-trace] [-help] [-noprompt] [-expert]

Note: if you need to pass in international characters, it needs to be run with the perl -CA command argument. (perl -CAS when running a new configuration bootstrap)

Function Usage
Bootstrap a new install without helptext tools/configure -save -expert
Bootstrap an installation containing international characters perl -CAS tools/configure -save
Set multiple variables tools/configure -save -set {Password}='newadminpassword' -set {WebMasterEmail}='newadmin@yourco.com'
Check a setting or section of settings. tools/configure -check Internationalisation
Run a wizard tools/configure -wizard Email -method send_test_email
Set admin password that contains international characters perl -CA tools/configure -save -set {Password}='tajemství'
Display one or more settings tools/configure -getcfg {SMTP} -getcfg {PubDir}

For full help, run tools/configure -help.

dependencies

Generates a report of missing or all dependencies. This report is also available to administrators at System.PerlDependencyReport

tools/dependencies
Generates a report on the missing dependencies
tools/dependencies -all
Generates a report on all dependencies, installed or missing, along with information on the installation location.

geturl.pl

This is a very simple script to get the content of a web site, either using GET or POST. It is marked as deprecated and might be removed in a future release. Its functions are covered by the standard wget and curl commands, which have the added advantage of performing authentication..
  • Usage: geturl.pl <host> <path> [<port> [<header>]]
  • Example: geturl.pl some.domain /some/dir/file.html 80
  • Will get: http://some.domain:80/some/dir/file.html
  • Example: geturl.pl POST some.domain /bin/statistics?webs=Sandbox
  • Will post: http://some.domain/bin/statistics?webs=Sandbox triggering a statistics run

rewriteshebang.pl

Simple script to rewrite the #!/usr/bin/perl shebang lines specific to your local Perl installation. It will rewrite the first line of all your cgi scripts so they use a different shebang line. Use it if your perl is in a non-standard location, or you want to use a different interpreter (such as 'speedy').

tick_foswiki.pl

This script executes a number of non-essential regular administration tasks that will help keep your site healthy and happy, such as removing expired sessions and lease files.

It is intended to be run as a cron job or a scheduled task once a week. Example crontab entry:
0 0 * * 0 cd /usr/local/foswiki/bin && perl ../tools/tick_foswiki.pl

Note: The script has to be run by a user who can write files created by the webserver user.

Extensions, such as the MailerContrib, also install tool scripts. Check the documentation of the extension for details.

extension_installer

This script will download and install, or remove an extension.

For more details, execute it from the Foswiki root directory with the usage parameter:
./tools/extension_installer usage
Note that this script is a generic version of the _installer script shipped with each extension. There are 3 ways to install a script using these scripts:
  • Download SomePlugin_installer and execute it from the Foswiki root directory
  • run ./tools/extension_installer SomePlugin - the extension will be downloaded and installed
  • Use the configure web interface to the Extensions Installer.


Related topics: AdminDocumentationCategory, DeveloperDocumentationCategory
Topic revision: r1 - 17 Jan 2017, ProjectContributor - This page was cached on 21 Sep 2017 - 17:30.

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